More mothers would likely use formal care if they could afford it or if they were provided assistance to pay the high costs of this kind of care. Studies consistently show that formal care is the most reliable and provides the highest quality care, and that mothers report wanting to use it. However, the high costs of care put it out of reach for many low-income mothers. Subsidies provided by the government do not do enough to help most low-income mothers who need help paying for child care. A report by the Department of Health and Human Services found that only 15 percent of children eligible for federal funds for child care assistance received any aid in 1999 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1999) . Thus, most mothers had to find alternative ways of acquiring child care for their children while they are at work, be it looking to relatives, other informal arrangements, or finding more affordable formal daycare, if possible.In my opinion, we should make formal daycare affordable and easy for all mothers, not just low-income ones—staying within budget constraints, of course. If, like Philip Longman, we fret that not enough people are having kids, then maybe we shouldn't make it such an ordeal to have kids in the first place.