The murder in November of Theo van Gogh, a provocative Dutch filmmaker, at the hands of an Islamic militant has been called Europe's 9/11. Though the two events are obviously not fully comparable, it is certainly true that American conservatives, such as Francis Fukuyama and Bernard Lewis, have found a wider audience recently for the idea that radical Islam is inimical to European traditions of tolerance.That may be so, but I'm not sure this translates into actual policy convergence. European states still seem mostly concerned about keeping down illegal immigration from the Middle East, and trying to steer their large Islamic populations onto more moderate paths. None of this will put Europe in a mind to start bombing Syria or Iran anytime soon. Stemming illegal immigration, for example, mostly involves putting more development money into the Arab world, rather than pushing for actual democratic change. (Though you could argue that most of the Arab world economies are so state-dominated that economic reform absolutely requires political change. I don't really know.) So I'm not sure Europeans will interpret Bernard Lewis in the same way that, say, Paul Wolfowitz did.